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Arthur Zimmermann, (born October 5, 1864, Marggrabowa, East Prussia [now Olecko, Poland]—died June 6, 1940, Berlin, Germany), German foreign secretary during part of World War I (1916–17), the author of a sensational proposal to Mexico to enter into an alliance against the United States. …first achieved some recognition with The Zimmermann Telegram (1958), a detailed study of the telegram that Germany sent to Mexico during World War I promising parts of the American Southwest to the Mexican government if the latter would enter the war on Germany’s side. See why the United States abandoned its policy of neutrality and decided to enter... NARRATOR: Europe, 1914.

Zimmermann lost office just after the fall of Bethmann Hollweg’s government in the summer of 1917 and never held it again. The note revealed a plan to renew unrestricted submarine warfare and to form an alliance with Mexico and Japan if the United States declared war on Germany. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. To most Americans the problems of Europe seemed as remote as the continent itself. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The interception and decoding of the message contributed to the U.S. decision to enter the war. Updates? To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. Sign up for our Britannica for Parents newsletter for expert advice on parenting in the 21st century! After a career in the consular service, Zimmermann won transfer to the diplomatic branch in 1901. They passed it on to President Wilson on February 24, 1917. Corrections? In convincing Americans of German hostility toward the United States, the “Zimmermann Note” became one of the factors leading to the U.S. declaration of war against Germany five weeks later. The offer included “an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer her lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.” Carranza was also asked to “invite the immediate adherence of Japan.” Intercepted and decoded by British Admiralty intelligence, the telegram was made available to President Woodrow Wilson, who caused it to be published on March 1, 1917. To. Zimmermann Telegram “New York Herald”: sinking of the “Lusitania” This image also in: Students Lusitania; Wilson, Woodrow: War Message to Congress, April 2, 1917.
Since the days of Washington and Jefferson, the United States had held to a policy of "no entangling alliances" with European nations. A lively and informative new podcast for kids that the whole family will enjoy. On November 25, Zimmermann, who was regarded as “pro-U-boat,” was appointed to succeed him. Articles Primary Sources & E-Books Websites View search results for: Search.
Zimmermann drafted the telegram to Vienna embodying Germany’s decision, which intensified the crisis that culminated in the outbreak of war.

From. Sender Name Please enter your name. Because of the retiring nature of Gottlieb von Jagow, who became foreign secretary in 1913, Zimmermann conducted a large share of the relations with foreign envoys. Encoded text of the “Zimmermann Note,” sent January 16, 1917, in which Germany proposed a military alliance with Mexico against the United States. …first achieved some recognition with The Zimmermann Telegram (1958), a detailed study of the telegram that Germany sent to Mexico during World War I promising parts of the American Southwest to the Mexican government if the latter would enter the war on Germany’s side. It led to the fall of four great imperial dynasties and, in its destabilization of European society, laid the groundwork for World War II. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Arthur-Zimmermann, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Arthur Zimmermann, Arthur Zimmermann - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up).

Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What is the nickname for the old regulations requiring racial segregation? World War I, international conflict that in 1914–18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along with Russia, the U.S., the Middle East, and other regions. As acting secretary in Jagow’s absence, he participated, with Emperor William (Wilhelm) II and Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, in Germany’s decision of July 5, 1914, to support Austria-Hungary when, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary put pressure on Serbia, thus angering Russia. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The telegram caused Wilson to lose all faith in the German government. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In pursuit of this goal, on January 16, 1917, he sent a secret telegram in code (through the German ambassador in Washington, D.C.) to the German minister in Mexico, authorizing him to propose an alliance to Mexico’s President Venustiano Carranza.

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